Stability and Growth Pact
The Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) is a rule-based framework for the coordination of national fiscal policies in the European Union. It was established to safeguard sound public finances, based on the principle that economic policies are a matter of shared concern for all Member States.
The SGP contains two arms – the preventive arm and the corrective arm. The preventive arm seeks to ensure that fiscal policy is conducted in a sustainable manner over the cycle. The corrective arm sets out the framework for countries to take corrective action in the case of an excessive deficit.
The cornerstone of the preventive arm is the country-specific medium-term budgetary objective (MTO), defined in structural terms (i.e. in cyclically adjusted terms and net of one-off and other temporary measures). Member States outline their medium-term budgetary plans in stability and convergence programmes (SCP), which are submitted and assessed annually in the context of multilateral fiscal surveillance under the European Semester.