Monthly Archives: December 2018

Στοιχεία σοκ – Μόλις το 19% των φορολογουμένων πληρώνει πάνω το 90% των φόρων – Ειδήσεις

Όπως προκύπτει από μελέτη του Οικονομικού Επιμελητηρίου, μόλις το 19% των φορολογουμένων πληρώνουν το 90% του φόρου εισοδήματος. Ακόμη μικρότερος είναι ο αριθμός των επιχειρήσεων – μόλις τι 4,5% – που πληρώνουν το 83% των φόρων, ενώ για τον ΕΝΦΙΑ το 33% των ιδιοκτητών πληρώνει το 66% του φόρου.
Η υψηλή φορολογία είναι μία από τις βασικές αιτίας που πολλές επιχειρήσεις διαλέγουν την μετανάστευση, κάτι που δεν μπορούν να κάνουν τα νοικοκυριά τα οποία απλά έχουν γονατίσει και ειδικά η μεσαία τάξη που τείνει προς εξαφάνιση.
Σύμφωνα με τα στοιχεία του Οικονομικού Επιμελητηρίου Ελλάδος τα φορολογικά βάρη έχουν πέσει στις πλάτες:
Περίπου 1,6 εκατ. φορολογούμενων σε σύνολο 8,5 εκατ. ΑΦΜ. Οι φορολογούμενοι αυτοί πληρώνουν φόρο εισοδήματος 7,6 δισ. ευρώ από τα περίπου 8,5 δισ. ευρώ που μπαίνουν στα κρατικά ταμεία. Το στοιχείο αυτό μπορεί να ερμηνευτεί από τρεις παράγοντες: σχεδόν 3 εκατ. φορολογούμενοι είναι πλήρως αφορολόγητοι καθώς τα εισοδήματά τους δεν υπερβαίνουν το αφορολόγητο όριο αλλά και τη φοροδιαφυγή που εντοπίζεται στους ελεύθερους επαγγελματίες και αυτοαπασχολούμενους οι οποίοι μέσω της μη έκδοσης αποδείξεων εμφανίσουν λιγότερα εισοδήματα από τα πραγματικά.
Περίπου 11.250 επιχειρήσεων εκ των 250.000 νομικών προσώπων που δραστηριοποιούνται στη χώρα. Το 4,5% των επιχειρήσεων πληρώνει 2,9 δις. ευρώ από τα 3,5 δισ. ευρώ που είναι οι συνολικοί φόροι που βεβαιώνονται στις επιχειρήσεις.

via Στοιχεία σοκ – Μόλις το 19% των φορολογουμένων πληρώνει πάνω το 90% των φόρων – Ειδήσεις

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Brexit: An unorthodox view, Yanis Varoufakis, Srećko Horvat & Elif Shafak (full) – YouTube

Srećko Horvat, a Croat philosopher, Elif Shafak, renowned Turkish novelist, and Yanis Varoufakis, Greece’s former finance minister, bring to this conversation an intriguing perspective. As intellectuals who know Britain well, they understand first hand the perils of nationalism, disintegration, isolationism and marginalisation. They place post-Brexit Britain in a context informed by a view of Europe and Britain from the continent’s opposite ‘corner’, sharing insights from Greece’s tensions with Brussels and Berlin, Yugoslavia’s disintegration, and Turkey’s fraught relationship with a Europe that both courts and marginalises it. (A Guardian Live event with three of DiEM25’s Coordinating Collective)

via Brexit: An unorthodox view, Yanis Varoufakis, Srećko Horvat & Elif Shafak (full) – YouTube

Wikileaks: The IMF’s Fault for Balkan Wars :: Balkan Insight

In the document from 2009, titled Europe Analytical Guidance, Stratfor alerts its analysts to watch out for any possible riots occurring due to economic crises, since the current situation in Balkans is complex and multifaceted.

“Do not forget, the IMF austerity measures imposed on Yugoslavia were in part to blame for the start of the war there. We need to be aware of any economically motivated social discontent,” document states.

Analysts should pay attention to any possible protest and union activity since, according to Stratfor, the protests by Albanian unions inflamed further conflicts.

“Remember, it was the strikes by the Albanian miners in Kosovo back in the 1980s that in a way moved the region towards conflagration,” states the document.

When it comes to possible conflicts and security issues, the report finds Bosnia and Herzegovina most critical. “Any split developing in the Croatian-Muslim federation is key,” it states.

According to the e-mails from Stratfor revealed by Wikileaks, several journalists from the Balkan media have been working for this intelligence agency, including Veran Matic, head of the Belgrade based media B92, and Bosko Jaksic of Politika newspaper.

Stratfor’s computers were apparently invaded last year by the hacker group Anonymous, which revealed personal information of Stratfor’s customers.

via Wikileaks: The IMF’s Fault for Balkan Wars :: Balkan Insight

Why is NATO in Yugoslavia? by Sean Gervasi

This study is based on a paper presented to a Prague conference in January, 1996. Much of what the late Sean Gervasi says here has proven prophetic. His intelligence and compassion are sorely missed.

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization has recently sent a large task force into Yugoslavia, ostensibly to enforce a settlement of the Bosnian war arrived at in Dayton, Ohio at the end of 1995. This task force is said to consist of some 60,000 men, equipped with tanks, armor and artillery. It is backed by formidable air and naval forces. In fact, if one takes account of all the support forces involved, including forces deployed in nearby countries, it is clear that on the order of one hundred and fifty thousand troops are involved. This figure has been confirmed by U.S. defense sources.(1)

via Why is NATO in Yugoslavia? by Sean Gervasi

Who is behind the push for a post-Brexit free trade deal with the US? | Felicity Lawrence | Opinion | The Guardian

All services and government procurement should be opened to international competition. While these thinktanks acknowledge that opening up the NHS might be too controversial, they think it a good idea. And protections designed to avoid workers being exploited or undercut by cheap migrant labour, which, for example, limit the number of hours people can be asked to work, or require parity of pay with local workers for those posted abroad, should be removed, says Plan A+. The same goes for environmental protections, food standards and the precautionary principle that the EU favours when assessing risk.

The US sees many of these rules as protectionist, Plan A+ explains. It says that in order to persuade the US to make concessions that would allow the UK’s services sector greater access to its markets, Britain will have to make concessions on standards the Americans find irksome, especially in food, agriculture and other goods. The things the US complains about and wants conceded include limits on pesticide residues and hormone-disrupting chemicals in food, nutritional labelling, the use of genetically modified organisms, the export of animal byproducts including some specified risk material for BSE, food additives such as flavourings that the EU has banned because of concerns over safety, hygiene rules including chlorine treatments on poultry and other meats, and animal-rearing standards such as the use of growth-promoting chemicals in pork and hormones in beef production.

via Who is behind the push for a post-Brexit free trade deal with the US? | Felicity Lawrence | Opinion | The Guardian

Percentages agreement

Churchill called it a “naughty document”.[5]

Regarding its import, Gabriel Kolko writes:

There is little significance to the memorable and dramatic passage in Churchill’s autobiography recalling how he and Stalin divided Eastern Europe … Stalin’s “tick,” translated into real words, indicated nothing whatsoever. The very next day Churchill sent Stalin a draft of the discussion, and the Russian carefully struck out phrases implying the creation of spheres of influence, a fact Churchill excluded from his memoirs. Eden assiduously avoided the term, and considered the understanding merely as a practical agreement on how problems would be worked out in each country, and the very next day he and Molotov modified the percentages in a manner which Eden assumed was general rather than precise.[8]

Geoffrey Roberts says similarly of the agreement: “It’s a good story but, like so many of Churchill’s tales, the lily was somewhat gilded.”[9]

Henry Butterfield Ryan states, however, that “Eden and Molotov haggled over these quantities as though they were bargaining over a rug in a bazaar, with Molotov trying, eventually successfully, to trim Britain’s figures.”[2]

Stalin did keep to his promise about Greece, but did not keep his promise for Romania, Bulgaria, and Hungary, which became one-party communist states with no British influence. Yugoslavia became a non-aligned communist state with very limited Soviet or British influence. Britain supported the Greek government forces in the civil war but the Soviet Union did not assist the communist guerrillas.[10]

A draft of the agreement, which was yet to be made in 1944, appeared under strange circumstances when it was supposedly intercepted in 1943 and fell into the hands of Spanish dictator Francisco Franco’s secret service. This was mentioned by General Jordana, in a famous speech he gave in April 1943 in Barcelona.[11]

via Percentages agreement

148a. ΟΙ ΕΛΛΗΝΕΣ ΤΗΣ ΤΑΣΚΕΝΔΗΣ & Η ΠΟΛΗ ΤΗΣ ΠΕΤΡΑΣ: Greeks of Tashkent, Tashkent – YouTube

via 148a. ΟΙ ΕΛΛΗΝΕΣ ΤΗΣ ΤΑΣΚΕΝΔΗΣ & Η ΠΟΛΗ ΤΗΣ ΠΕΤΡΑΣ: Greeks of Tashkent, Tashkent – YouTube

Έλληνες πολιτικοί πρόσφυγες στην Τασκένδη 1950 1960 Video Dailymotion – YouTube

via Έλληνες πολιτικοί πρόσφυγες στην Τασκένδη 1950 1960 Video Dailymotion – YouTube

Το «κατόρθωμα» Τσίπρα: Έγινε… Σαμαράς! – του Νίκου Μπογιόπουλου

Αυτό το αμαρτωλό πλεόνασμα όμως δεν κρύβει μόνο πολιτικά εγκλήματα που έχουν συντελεστεί. Κρύβει και εγκλήματα που πρόκειται να συντελεστούν. Για την ακρίβεια είναι το ίδιο το πλεόνασμα αυτό και η διαδικασία του η προετοιμασία για νέο έγκλημα. Αφού συμφώνησαν με την τρόικα να χτίσουν κι άλλους ανθρώπους στα θεμέλια του καθεστώτος τους. Εντάξει, θα πάρουν τη δόση και το πλεόνασμα, που νομίζουν ότι θα τους βοηθήσει στην εκλογική μάχη. Αυτό το μάθαμε. Αλλά τι θα προκειμένου να το πάρουν αυτό, το μάθαμε; Το πώς οι δανειστές εξαγόρασαν τη δυνατότητα που δίνουν στην κυβέρνηση να εξαγοράσει τους πολίτες, το μάθαμε;

Μπορεί να τη βαφτίζουν όπως θέλουν τη νέα συμφωνία με την τρόικα. Αυτοί είναι ικανοί όχι μόνο να πουν ότι πρόκειται περί συμφωνίας για την ανάπτυξη και για τις μεταρρυθμίσεις, αλλά και συμφωνία για το σοσιαλισμό. Όλα μπορούν να τα πουν. Επί της ουσίας όμως αυτή τη στιγμή ολοκληρώνεται ένα νέο σύμφωνο υποταγής και καταστροφής για τη χώρα».

via Το «κατόρθωμα» Τσίπρα: Έγινε… Σαμαράς! – του Νίκου Μπογιόπουλου