Walter Hallstein – Wikipedia

Against the background of the Second World War, a conflict that had caused massive destruction and left the continent split in two by the Iron Curtain, there were calls for increased co-operation in Europe. The French foreign minister, Robert Schuman, put forward a plan, originating from Jean Monnet, for a European Coal and Steel Community that would unify control of German and French coal and steel production, and talks were started with this aim.[22] Germany had still not regained its sovereignty following defeat in World War II, and was represented internationally by the Allied High Commission.[23] There was no German foreign office and, for a time, foreign affairs were dealt with by the Chancellery.[24]

Konrad Adenauer, the German Chancellor, called Hallstein to Bonn, at the suggestion of Wilhelm Röpke,[25] and in June 1950 he appointed him to head the German delegation at the Schuman Plan negotiations in Paris,[10] which were to lead to the formation of the European Coal and Steel Community.[19] Jean Monnet, the leader of the French delegation, and Hallstein drew up the Schuman Plan, which was the basis for the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), established by the Treaty of Paris in 1951.[26] The ECSC was to develop into the European Economic Community, and later the European Union. In August 1950, to general surprise, Hallstein was made head of the Office of Foreign Affairs (Dienststelle für auswärtige Angelegenheiten) at the Federal Chancellery (Kanzleramt).[27] At this time, little was known about Hallstein, except that he had not been a member of the Nazi Party and that he was on good terms with US officials

via Walter Hallstein – Wikipedia

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