Category Archives: 2 – ΚΡΑΤΗ και Περιφερειες (States and Regions)

EUGENICS – Copenhagen zoo sparks outrage by killing healthy giraffe named Marius | World news | The Guardian

Copenhagen zoo sparks outrage by killing healthy giraffe named Marius
This article is more than 6 years old
Thousands signed petition to save Marius, who was put down to avoid inbreeding and then fed to lions

via Copenhagen zoo sparks outrage by killing healthy giraffe named Marius | World news | The Guardian

«Σάββα, παιδί μου, πέτα τον έξω»! – The Press Project – Ειδήσεις, Αναλύσεις, Ραδιόφωνο, Τηλεόραση

«… ο τότε πρεσβευτής των ΗΠΑ στην Αθήνα, Νίκολας Μπερνς, πραγματοποίησε συνάντηση με τον κ. Πάγκαλο, ο οποίος του τόνισε ότι η ελληνική πλευρά επιδιώκει μεν να απομακρύνει από τη χώρα τον Οτσαλάν, αλλά αυτό δεν κατέστη εφικτό μέχρι στιγμής. Τότε – κατά τη “Ραντικάλ” – ο Μπερνς πραγματοποίησε μια κρίσιμη επέμβαση: “Φροντίστε να αποστείλετε τον Οτσαλάν στην Κένυα και τα υπόλοιπα είναι δική μας υπόθεση”, φέρεται ειπείν στον Θ. Πάγκαλο…».

Αυτά έγραφε η «Ραντικάλ» και αναδημοσιεύτηκαν στον ελληνικό Τύπο. Και, βεβαίως, δεν είναι δική μας πρόθεση να τα υιοθετήσουμε. Είναι όμως υπόθεση του καθενός να αναρωτηθεί: Υπήρξε η ευθιξία από τους πρωταγωνιστές εκείνης της ντροπιαστικής υπόθεσης να καταρρίψουν τους ισχυρισμούς των λόγω δημοσιευμάτων;

via «Σάββα, παιδί μου, πέτα τον έξω»! – The Press Project – Ειδήσεις, Αναλύσεις, Ραδιόφωνο, Τηλεόραση

ΕΠΙΤΗΡΗΤΕΣ ΣΕ ΑΠΟΓΝΩΣΗ / ΨΑΛΙΔΟΠΟΥΛΟΣ ΜΙΧΑΛΗΣ

Το 2006 κυκλοφόρησε στις Μεταμεσονύκτιες Εκδόσεις το ημερολόγιο του απεσταλμένου του προέδρου Τρούμαν, Paul A. Porter, με τίτλο “Ζητείται: ένα θαύμα για την Ελλάδα”. Μέσω του ημερολογίου αυτού γνωρίσαμε τις σκέψεις ενός στελέχους της αμερικανικής διοίκησης καθώς αυτό εκτελούσε την αποστολή του, καθώς και τον περίγυρο της δράσης του, το 1947.
Οι “Επιτηρητές σε απόγνωση” συνεχίζουν αυτήν την ερευνητική αποστολή: να καταστήσουν το αναγνωστικό / ερευνητικό κοινό κοινωνό των σκέψεων, απόψεων και αντιλήψεων αμερικανών οικονομολόγων που επιτηρούσαν την ελληνική οικονομία από το 1947 ως το 1953. Οι επιτηρητές αυτοί επηρέασαν ή επιδίωξαν να επηρεάσουν την πορεία της ελληνικής οικονομίας. Αρχικά ήταν βέβαιοι ότι η αποστολή τους θα ήταν επιτυχημένη. Μετά τη λήξη του εμφυλίου, και ειδικά μετά την έναρξη της σύγκρουσης στην Κορέα ωστόσο, η αρχική σιγουριά, ότι η αμερικανική πολιτική θα είχε ήδη επιτύχει την απογείωση της ελληνικής οικονομίας προς μία μακροχρόνια αυτοδύναμη πορεία άρχισε να υποχωρεί. Η κριτική των συμβούλων-επιτηρητών προς το ελληνικό πολιτικό σύστημα από συγκαλυμμένη και ήπια, μεταβλήθηκε σε ανοικτή και αυστηρή. Εκεί όπου υπήρχε αίσθημα ανωτερότητας και βεβαιότητα για το αποτέλεσμα, άρχισε να εμφιλοχωρεί η απόγνωση και η παραίτηση. Τα κείμενα των αμερικανών επιτηρητών που παρουσιάζονται εδώ, σίγουρα επιδέχονται πολλαπλές αναγνώσεις και θα διαβαστούν από πολλές και διαφορετικές οπτικές. Ανασυγκροτούν εκ των κάτω την πραγματικότητα στην ελληνική οικονομία της εποχής, και δίνουν την ευκαιρία για αναθεωρήσεις, επισημάνσεις και συζητήσεις. Δίνουν επίσης την ευκαιρία αναστοχασμού σχετικά με σημερινές καταστάσεις και διαχρονικές σταθερές στην ελληνική πολιτική ζωή. (Από την παρουσίαση στο οπισθόφυλλο του βιβλίου)

via ΕΠΙΤΗΡΗΤΕΣ ΣΕ ΑΠΟΓΝΩΣΗ / ΨΑΛΙΔΟΠΟΥΛΟΣ ΜΙΧΑΛΗΣ

The Coming Avocado Politics | The Breakthrough Institute

Grant was most famous in his own day, however, for his book The Passing of the Great Race: Or, The Racial Basis of European History (1916). Arguably the most influential eugenicist tract ever penned, Grant’s book reasoned that the growing number of Southern and Eastern European immigrants in the United States meant that the “Nordic stock” of American Protestants was at risk of being outbred and “replaced” — a term that continues to be echoed in our contemporary far right’s fears of “white genocide” and their slogan, “You will not replace us.”[16]For Grant, the immigrant situation was nothing less than a “world crisis”: he argued that a failure to stem the immigrant tide would spell nothing less than “race suicide” for the Nordics.[17]Grant chaired the Sub-Committee on Selective Immigration of the Eugenics Committee of the US, whose findings were instrumental in the passage of the Johnson–Reed Immigration Act of 1924, which set immigration quotas based on national origins in proportion to the ethnic mix documented in the 1890 Census. Grant also was instrumental in the implementation of several anti-miscegenation laws, including Virginia’s notorious Racial Integrity Act of 1924, which codified a particularly extreme form of the pseudo-scientific “one drop rule” of race and would lead to thousands of involuntary sterilizations

via The Coming Avocado Politics | The Breakthrough Institute

Tory MP’s Private Company in Charge of Election votes and counts

Tory MP Peter Lilley’s company IDOX was given contracts across Scotland by SNP and Labour councils to quietly privatise the entire electoral process and control of postal votes and election counts across Scotland.

The contracts were awarded to ensure private control of all Scottish elections for the three year period covering the EU election, the general election, the EU referendum and the Scottish Elections which allow IDOX to control, open, count and put forward “postal” ballot papers to be put into ballot boxes right up to the 10pm deadline.

By May 2013 IDOX boasted they already had control of elections and voter registration and votes for 13 million people across the UK in the privatisation of all elections that most voters in the UK are completely unaware of.

Does this mean it is possible for postal votes to be binned (if private operators don’t agree with the vote provided) and replaced using signatures they store electronically and can ballot papers be made up in peoples’ names right up to the 10pm deadline using the information held in the IDOX database -based on lists that tell you who did not vote in previous elections and election voting history held by IDOX for what appears to be moving fast for all of the UK?

Is this why leader of the Scottish Tory party, Ruth Davidson, declared she knew the postal vote results before the election count started?

In May 2015 an article “IDOX Elections Delivering Modern Democracy” said “Despite concerns over abuse of the system and fraud, the Electoral Commission maintains that there is no evidence of widespread and systematic abuse, and that it would not be ‘proportionate’ to scrap postal voting”

 

via Tory MP’s Private Company in Charge of Election votes and counts

German occupation of Norway – Wikipedia

Even before the war ended, there was debate among Norwegians about the fate of traitors and collaborators. A few favored a “night of long knives” with extrajudicial killings of known offenders. However, cooler minds prevailed, and much effort was put into assuring due process trials of accused traitors. In the end, 37 people were executed by Norwegian authorities: 25 Norwegians on the grounds of treason, and 12 Germans on the grounds of crimes against humanity. 28,750 were arrested, though most were released for lack of evidence. In the end, 20,000 Norwegians and a smaller number of Germans were given prison sentences. 77 Norwegians and 18 Germans received life sentences. A number of people were sentenced to pay heavy fines.

The trials have been subject to some criticism in later years. It has been pointed out that sentences became more lenient with the passage of time, and that many of the charges were based on the unconstitutional[10] and illegal retroactive application of laws.

German prisoners of war

After the war the Norwegian government forced German prisoners of war to clear minefields. When the clearing ended in September 1946, 392 of them had been injured and 275 had been killed, meanwhile only two Norwegians and four British mine-clearers had sustained any injuries.[11] Many of the Germans were killed through their guards’ habit of chasing them criss-cross over a cleared field to ensure that no mines remained

via German occupation of Norway – Wikipedia

Svetozar Vukmanović – Tempo

a leading Montenegrin communist and member of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia. During World War II he served on the Supreme Staff, went on missions to Bulgaria, Greece, and Albania, and became Josip Broz Tito‘s personal representative in the Socialist Republic of Macedonia.

book: How and Why the People’s Liberation Struggle of Greece Met with Defeat

Before his death in 2000, Tempo was very motivated to find out who gave the order to have those 18,000 people executed. He came upon shocking findings – the order was given by some of his closest comrades”.

Earlier, in late 2004, Čedomir Vukmanović said Tempo came upon indisputable proof shortly before his death in 2000, that the orders for mass execution without trial came from the very top of Communist Party of Yugoslavia: “Precisely at that time in May 1945, Edvard Kardelj and Aleksandar Ranković were in Ljubljana. They called Tito and Milovan Đilas, and after short deliberation decision was made to kill everyone except for boys under 18.”

via Svetozar Vukmanović – Wikipedia

When We Loved Mussolini | by Adam Tooze | The New York Review of Books

The United States and Fascist Italy: The Rise of American Finance in Europe

by Gian Giacomo Migone, translated from the Italian and with a preface by Molly Tambor
Cambridge University Press,

Antifascism was the founding myth of the Italian republic after 1945.

via When We Loved Mussolini | by Adam Tooze | The New York Review of Books

Did Winston Churchill really praise Benito Mussolini? – Quora

Yes and quite effusively. He said “ I could not help being charmed, like so many other people have been, by his gentle and simple bearing and by his calm, detached poise in spite of so many burdens.” Churchill went on to say if he had been Italian he would have supported Mussolini.

However like most apparently damning statements, you have to understand the context. The occasion was a joint January 1927 press conference in Rome, given by both Churchill and Mussolini. Churchill at the time was Chancelor of the Exchequer – Britain’s Finance Chief. He had just finalised negotiations under which the Italians agreed to pay £592 million (worth $40 billion in today’s money) in disputed war debt, with payments to start in 1930 and continue to 1988.

via Did Winston Churchill really praise Benito Mussolini? – Quora

20 Jan 1927 – MUSSOLINI AND CHURCHILL. – Trove

MUSSOLINI AND CHURCHILL.
A Friendly Interview.
Rome, Jan. 13.
The Chancellor of the-Exchequer (Mr.
Winston Churchill) has arrived on a pri-
vate visit. He had an hour’s interview
with Signor Mussolini, the last half of
which was private. The British Ambas-
sador had previously been present. It
is understood that the conversation was
most friendly. Signor Mussolini accom-
panied Mr. Churchill to the doorway and
warmly shook hands with him.
The newspapers emphasise that while
the interview has no political signifi-
cance, it shows the cordiality of Anglo-
Italian relations.

via 20 Jan 1927 – MUSSOLINI AND CHURCHILL. – Trove

BRITISH SECRET SERVICE AGENT BENITO MUSSOLINI!!

With all opposition to the Fascist regime brutally silenced, King Victor Emmanuel III ordered Mussolini to sign a Concordat with the Vatican.
Pope Pius X I.
Pope Pius X I.
Pope from 1922 to 1939.

In February 1929, Mussolini signed the Lateran Accords on behalf of the king.

The Accords gave the Pope 110 acres (0.44 square km) which became known as Vatican City State.

Italy now had 3 rulers: Pope Pius XI, Victor Emmanuel III, and Mussolini.

Mussolini signing the Lateran Accords
Mussolini signing the Lateran Accords
on behalf of the king.

From that time onward, Italy was a triumvirate with 3 rulers: the Pope-king, the king of Italy, and Mussolini. Any creature with 2 head is a monster but this new regime was a cyclops. Immediately after signing the Accords, Mussolini was honored with the flattering title: Knight of the Holy Sepulchre:

via BRITISH SECRET SERVICE AGENT BENITO MUSSOLINI!!

Winston Churchill ‘ordered assassination of Mussolini to protect compromising letters’ – Telegraph

Winston Churchill ‘ordered assassination of Mussolini to protect compromising letters’
Winston Churchill ordered the assassination of Benito Mussolini as part of a plot to destroy potentially compromising secret letters he had sent the Italian dictator, a leading French historian has suggested.

via Winston Churchill ‘ordered assassination of Mussolini to protect compromising letters’ – Telegraph

Όταν ο Τσώρτσιλ εξυμνούσε τον Μουσολίνι

Η Ιταλία έδειξε ότι υπάρχει ένας τρόπος να παλέψεις τις ανατρεπτικές δυνάμεις, ένας τρόπος που μπορεί να κινητοποιήσει την πλειοψηφία του κόσμου, η οποία κατάλληλα καθοδηγούμενη, μπορεί να εκτιμήσει και να θελήσει να υπερασπίσει την τιμή και τη σταθερότητα των πολιτισμένων κοινωνιών. Η Ιταλία παρείχε το απαραίτητο αντίδοτο στο ρώσικο δηλητήριο. Από δω και στο εξής, κανένα μεγάλο έθνος δεν θα μείνει χωρίς το έσχατο μέσο προστασίας απέναντι στην ανάπτυξη καρκινωμάτων… Αν ήμουν Ιταλός θα ήμουν με όλη την καρδιά μαζί σας, από την αρχή μέχρι το τέλος, στη θριαμβευτική σας μάχη ενάντια στις βάρβαρες ορέξεις και τα πάθη του Λενινισμού»

via Όταν ο Τσώρτσιλ εξυμνούσε τον Μουσολίνι

Karl Wolff – Wikipedia

In 1945, Wolff under Operation Sunrise took over command and management of intermediaries including Swiss-national Max Waibel, in order to make contact in Switzerland with the headquarters of the U.S. Office of Strategic Services, under Allen W. Dulles as to surrendering the German forces in and around Italy.[25] After initially meeting with Dulles in Lucerne on 8 March 1945, Wolff negotiated the surrender of all German forces in Italy, ending the war there on 29 April, before the war ended in Germany on 2 May 1945

via Karl Wolff – Wikipedia

The OSS and Italian Partisans in World War II Intelligence and Operational Support for the Anti-Nazi Resistance Peter Tompkins

Two of Moscatelli’s brigades set off for Milan, but they encountered strongly armored German forces trying to retreat to the border. By the afternoon of 25 April, they had managed to defeat these German forces, but they still were far from Milan just as Mussolini, outraged at being abandoned by the Germans, secretly headed for escape across the Swiss frontier.

Playing his last card, Mussolini attached himself, along with his girlfriend, Claretta Petacci, to a strong German convoy of 30 SS trucks protected by armored cars heading for the Brenner Pass. Trapped by a Moscatelli roadblock near the lakeside town of Dongo, Mussolini was discovered and executed with his girlfriend on unanimous orders from the partisan high command.

via

Giacomo Matteotti – Wikipedia

Giacomo Matteotti (Italian pronunciation: [ˈdʒaːkomo matteˈɔtti]; 22 May 1885 – 10 June 1924) was an Italian socialist politician. On 30 May 1924, he openly spoke in the Italian Parliament alleging the Fascists committed fraud in the recently held elections, and denounced the violence they used to gain votes. Eleven days later he was kidnapped and killed by Fascists.

via Giacomo Matteotti – Wikipedia

Wolfgang Abendroth – 2 – Wikipedia

In 2017 approximately 100,000 pages of documents were leaked to the Süddeutsche Zeitung (SZ) with information related to the activities of Reinhard Gehlen (1902-1979), the post-World War II former head of the German Federal Intelligence Service (BND) and the CIA-affiliated anti-Communist Gehlen Organisation (1946–56). According to the leaked documents Reinhard Gehlen, who was also a prominent Nazi before the war, authorized the conduct of physical surveillance of Prof. Wolfgang Abendroth: “[t]he archive material includes a carefully composed dossier on the lawyer and political scientist Wolfgang Abendroth, who was banned from working as a legal trainee in 1933 due to his socialist leanings. A few years later, Abendroth was sent into a punishment battalion of the Wehrmacht active in the war in Greece.

via Wolfgang Abendroth – Wikipedia

Wolfgang Abendroth 1- German Resistance Memorial Center – Biographie

Wolfgang Abendroth was born in Elberfeld in 1906 and grew up in a family of Social Democrats. His father was a teacher. He joined the Kommunistische Jugend Deutschland (Communist Youth Germany) at the age of 14. As a result of his agitation for a united front of Social Democrats and Communists, he was expelled from the KPD in 1928. In 1933, he lost his job as a junior lawyer for political reasons, and went on to provide legal advice for many opponents of the regime. Following his first arrest, Abendroth emigrated to Switzerland, where he gained his PhD. After acting as a courier for some time, he decided to return to Berlin in 1935. There, he was an active member of the resistance until he was imprisoned for several years in 1937. Forcibly drafted into one of the 999th Division’s “probation units” in February 1943, he soon deserted to the Greek partisan organization “ELAS.” He was taken prisoner by the British, and carried out political education for opponents of the regime in prisoner of war camps in Egypt

via German Resistance Memorial Center – Biographie

How former Nazi official Reinhard Gehlen erected a state within a state in post-war Germany – World Socialist Web Site

The archive material includes a carefully composed dossier on the lawyer and political scientist Wolfgang Abendroth, who was banned from working as a legal trainee in 1933 due to his socialist leanings. A few years later, Abendroth was sent into a punishment battalion of the Wehrmacht active in the war in Greece. He deserted from the Army and joined the Greek resistance movement.

After the war, he commenced teaching as a lecturer at the University of Leipzig. This was sufficient to place him in the first ranks of Gehlen’s list of “enemies of the state.” Abendroth was surrounded by Gehlen’s agents, who diligently sent their observations and notes to Gehlen, all of which are found in the 100,000 files of his private archive.

An open question is how many other cases of BND persecution and harassment of Nazi opponents, socialists and Trotskyists are to be found in the mountain of files.

“Uncontrolled co-ruler of the German Republic”

Probably the most spectacular discovery in this initial review of the archive material is the evidence that the BND planted an informant and probably a provocateur in the leadership of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) at a very early stage. Through the work of his agent, Gehlen was able to observe over many years his most prominent target, SPD leader Willy Brandt, who was foreign minister in the grand coalition (SPD and Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union) from 1966 and in 1969 chancellor of the coalition between the SPD and the Free Democratic Party (FDP). As foreign minister, Brandt was spied upon by his own foreign intelligence service

via How former Nazi official Reinhard Gehlen erected a state within a state in post-war Germany – World Socialist Web Site

Max Merten | World War II Database

He was captured by the Americans toward the end of the war, and in Nov 1945 he was officially arrested with accusations of war crimes. A year later, however, he was released by the Greek government. Merten insisted that the anti-Semitic policies had already been in effect prior to his arrival in Greece, and he had little power to alter their course after his arrival. In the 1950s, while on travel to Greece, he was arrested. He was tried in a Greek court, and in 1959 he was found guilty and was given a 25-year prison term. On 3 Nov 1959, he was granted an amnesty by the Greek government and was extradited to West Germany. His release sparked some controversity, with Merten accusing Prime Minister Konstantinos Karamanlis of Greece to have had ties to the German occupation authorities during the WW2 era, which was the reason that led to Merten’s release; both Greek and German authorities regarded Merten’s claims as libelous. He passed away in Germany in 1970.

via Max Merten | World War II Database