Category Archives: 2 – ΚΡΑΤΗ και Περιφερειες (States and Regions)

Wolfgang Abendroth – 2 – Wikipedia

In 2017 approximately 100,000 pages of documents were leaked to the Süddeutsche Zeitung (SZ) with information related to the activities of Reinhard Gehlen (1902-1979), the post-World War II former head of the German Federal Intelligence Service (BND) and the CIA-affiliated anti-Communist Gehlen Organisation (1946–56). According to the leaked documents Reinhard Gehlen, who was also a prominent Nazi before the war, authorized the conduct of physical surveillance of Prof. Wolfgang Abendroth: “[t]he archive material includes a carefully composed dossier on the lawyer and political scientist Wolfgang Abendroth, who was banned from working as a legal trainee in 1933 due to his socialist leanings. A few years later, Abendroth was sent into a punishment battalion of the Wehrmacht active in the war in Greece.

via Wolfgang Abendroth – Wikipedia

Wolfgang Abendroth 1- German Resistance Memorial Center – Biographie

Wolfgang Abendroth was born in Elberfeld in 1906 and grew up in a family of Social Democrats. His father was a teacher. He joined the Kommunistische Jugend Deutschland (Communist Youth Germany) at the age of 14. As a result of his agitation for a united front of Social Democrats and Communists, he was expelled from the KPD in 1928. In 1933, he lost his job as a junior lawyer for political reasons, and went on to provide legal advice for many opponents of the regime. Following his first arrest, Abendroth emigrated to Switzerland, where he gained his PhD. After acting as a courier for some time, he decided to return to Berlin in 1935. There, he was an active member of the resistance until he was imprisoned for several years in 1937. Forcibly drafted into one of the 999th Division’s “probation units” in February 1943, he soon deserted to the Greek partisan organization “ELAS.” He was taken prisoner by the British, and carried out political education for opponents of the regime in prisoner of war camps in Egypt

via German Resistance Memorial Center – Biographie

How former Nazi official Reinhard Gehlen erected a state within a state in post-war Germany – World Socialist Web Site

The archive material includes a carefully composed dossier on the lawyer and political scientist Wolfgang Abendroth, who was banned from working as a legal trainee in 1933 due to his socialist leanings. A few years later, Abendroth was sent into a punishment battalion of the Wehrmacht active in the war in Greece. He deserted from the Army and joined the Greek resistance movement.

After the war, he commenced teaching as a lecturer at the University of Leipzig. This was sufficient to place him in the first ranks of Gehlen’s list of “enemies of the state.” Abendroth was surrounded by Gehlen’s agents, who diligently sent their observations and notes to Gehlen, all of which are found in the 100,000 files of his private archive.

An open question is how many other cases of BND persecution and harassment of Nazi opponents, socialists and Trotskyists are to be found in the mountain of files.

“Uncontrolled co-ruler of the German Republic”

Probably the most spectacular discovery in this initial review of the archive material is the evidence that the BND planted an informant and probably a provocateur in the leadership of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) at a very early stage. Through the work of his agent, Gehlen was able to observe over many years his most prominent target, SPD leader Willy Brandt, who was foreign minister in the grand coalition (SPD and Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union) from 1966 and in 1969 chancellor of the coalition between the SPD and the Free Democratic Party (FDP). As foreign minister, Brandt was spied upon by his own foreign intelligence service

via How former Nazi official Reinhard Gehlen erected a state within a state in post-war Germany – World Socialist Web Site

Max Merten | World War II Database

He was captured by the Americans toward the end of the war, and in Nov 1945 he was officially arrested with accusations of war crimes. A year later, however, he was released by the Greek government. Merten insisted that the anti-Semitic policies had already been in effect prior to his arrival in Greece, and he had little power to alter their course after his arrival. In the 1950s, while on travel to Greece, he was arrested. He was tried in a Greek court, and in 1959 he was found guilty and was given a 25-year prison term. On 3 Nov 1959, he was granted an amnesty by the Greek government and was extradited to West Germany. His release sparked some controversity, with Merten accusing Prime Minister Konstantinos Karamanlis of Greece to have had ties to the German occupation authorities during the WW2 era, which was the reason that led to Merten’s release; both Greek and German authorities regarded Merten’s claims as libelous. He passed away in Germany in 1970.

via Max Merten | World War II Database

Nazi influence on Germany’s post-war government to be investigated | The Independent

The German government has announced an investigation into the influence of the Nazis on the country’s post-war government.

A four-year inquiry will follow 20 other investigations made over the past 70 years to determine how far networks attached to Hitler’s regime reached into the new administration after the fall of the Third Reich.

The probe, which will cost an estimated €4m (£3.4m), will look in particular at how far Nazi influence lingered in the Chancellory – the German equivalent of Downing Street – to see how many staff who worked for the Third Reich remained in the office after 1945, Der Spiegel reported.

In a statement, the cultural ministry said post-war recruitment policies and “the mentality of political culture” will also be looked at, particularly studying the role of Hans Globke, who served as chief of staff to former West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer between 1953 and 1963.

via Nazi influence on Germany’s post-war government to be investigated | The Independent

Man whose father saved Jews from Nazis asks Israel to take his name off ‘ethnic cleansing’ memorial | The Independent

The son of a Dutch couple who hid Jewish people from the Nazis during the Holocaust has asked for his father’s name to be removed from a monument built on the site of a destroyed Palestinian village.

Erik Ader, whose parents, Bastiaan Jan and Johanna Ader, are believed to have helped at least 200 Jews escape during World War II, said he considered the monument to be an abuse of his father’s memory and that his family name has been exploited to cover up “an act of ethnic cleansing” of Palestinians.

The former Netherlands ambassador to Norway told Dutch public broadcaster NOS that although he cannot ask his father, who was executed by the Nazis in 1944, what he thinks “of how his name is connected to this injustice,” it is not difficult to guess, “knowing what he stood for”.

via Man whose father saved Jews from Nazis asks Israel to take his name off ‘ethnic cleansing’ memorial | The Independent

Eichmann to Testify on Dr. Globke’s Role in Deportation of Greek Jews – Jewish Telegraphic Agency

Dr. Bauer tied the Globke case to Eichmann today as he opened a formal criminal investigation into the accusations being leveled against the Adenauer aide. Dr. Globke, who is State Secretary, and the man who runs Chancellor Adenauer’s office, is being accused of having aided Eichmann in 1943 in the deportation of 10, 000 Jews from Salonika, Greece, to Nazi extermination camps.

“Eichmann’s testimony about the deportation of those 10, 000 Jewish men, women and children from Salonika would very much affect the Globke investigation, ” Dr. Bauer said. Eichmann, chief Nazi director in the murder of 6, 000, 000 European Jews, is expected to go on trial in Israel in March for his war crimes against the Jewish people.

Another witness being called in his probe in the Globke case, Dr. Bauer said, is Prof. Karl Burkhardt, a Swiss citizen. As representative for the International Red Cross, Dr. Burkhardt, negotiated with the Nazi regime for the transfer of the 10, 000 Salonika Jews to Palestine. Those negotiations were unsuccessful and the Jews were deported to death camps instead.

A third witness being sought by Dr. Bauer is a former officer in the SS, the Hitler Elite Guard in which Eichmann was a colonel. That officer, according to the Attorney General, was in charge of the deportation of Jews from northern Greece. Refusing to reveal the man’s name, “for tactical reasons,” Dr. Bauer said the man had been last known to be living in Syria but had disappeared after the arrest of Eichmann last summer.

via Eichmann to Testify on Dr. Globke’s Role in Deportation of Greek Jews – Jewish Telegraphic Agency

DR. RATH OMILIA ATHINA 30 APRILIOY 2012( me ellinikous ypotitlous) (with Greek subtitles) – YouTube

Ο λόγος του Dr Rath στις 30 Απριλίου 2012 στην Αθήνα. Ποιος ο ρόλος των καρτέλ των φαρμάκων και του πετρελαίου. Η προσπάθεια τους να κατακτήσουν την Ευρώπη και τον κόσμο στο 1ο και 2ο παγκόσμιο πόλεμο.Οι αποδείξεις. Οι ναζιστικές καταβολές της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης των Βρυξελλών και η τρίτη προσπάθεια του καρτέλ να κατακτήσει την Ευρώπη και τον κόσμο.Ο έλεγχος της υγείας και της ενέργειας. Η νέα μετάβαση και πως μπορούν οι λαοί να ανατρέψουν τα σχέδια τους

via DR. RATH OMILIA ATHINA 30 APRILIOY 2012( me ellinikous ypotitlous) (with Greek subtitles) – YouTube

European History – Relay of Life

Click here and here to see excerpts from a book written by Walter Hallstein in 1969. Following his career as a prominent law professor under the Nazis, Hallstein became the key architect of the unelected European Commission and, for ten years, its first President. His book, entitled ‘Europe in the Making’, describes how the European Community’s machinery was developed in such a way that “the Commission is entrusted with what virtually amounts to a monopoly in taking the initiative in all matters affecting the Community.” Moreover, giving a prophetic hint of what the Lisbon Treaty would effectively be intended to accomplish almost forty years later, he specifically states that the few exceptions to this rule “ought to be removed at the earliest opportunity,” and that “the Commission should eventually be empowered to take all measures necessary for the implementation of the Treaty on its own authority, without having to rely on special and specific approval by the Council of Ministers.”

via European History – Relay of Life

From Nuremberg to Brussels – Lecture by Dr. Matthias Rath – Relay of Life

The corporate preparations for World War II started as early as 1925, when Bayer, BASF, Hoechst and other German multinationals formed a cartel called “IG Farben Industry”. The declared goal of this cartel was to obtain control of the global markets in the key industrial sectors of chemistry, pharmaceuticals and petrochemicals. Already in 1925, when this cartel was founded, its corporate value surpassed 11 billion Reichsmark and it employed more than 80,000 people.

via From Nuremberg to Brussels – Lecture by Dr. Matthias Rath – Relay of Life

Hans Globke – Wikipedia

Hans Josef Maria Globke (10 September 1898 – 13 February 1973) was a German lawyer, high-ranking civil servant and politician who served as Under-Secretary of State and Chief of Staff of the German Chancellery in West Germany from 28 October 1953 to 15 October 1963. During World War II, Globke, a Ministerialdirigent in the Office for Jewish Affairs in the Ministry of the Interior, wrote a legal annotation on the anti-semitic Nuremberg Race Laws that did not express any objection to the discrimination against Jews, and placed the Nazi Party on a firmer legal ground, setting the path to The Holocaust.[1] Globke later had a controversial career as Secretary of State and Chief of Staff of the West German Chancellery.

via Hans Globke – Wikipedia

Carlota — The Female Soldier – Cuban revolutionary slave

Despite this Carlota continued to organise the uprising. Known for both her intelligence and musical skill, she sent coded messages using talking drums to coordinate a series of attacks. As the drums were a traditional instrument among the West African slaves, the Spanish were unaware that the music was also being used a form of communication. On November 3rd 1843, Carlota led a raid which freed Fermina and a dozen other slaves from captivity. On November 5th the uprising began by at the Triumvirato and Acane sugar plantations, forcibly overthrowing the Spanish owners. These attacks were led personally by Carlota, who went into battle wielding a machete.

via Carlota — The Female Soldier

The Nazi Roots of the ‘Brussels EU’ – Dr. Rath Health Foundation

Dr. Rath has become a voice of conscience exposing the global conquest plans of the chemical/pharmaceutical Cartel in our time. Attacked by Cartel media the world over, Dr. Rath and his Foundation have received prestigous awards for civil courage. The ‘Relay of Life’ Award – presented by survivors of the KZ Auschwitz and other Nazi concentration camps was conferred with the mandate: ‘Never again!’

On Monday, December 10, 2012, the so-called ‘Brussels EU’ received the Nobel Peace Prize – allegedly for preserving peace in Europe. Now that the dust has settled, the people of the world deserve to learn the facts behind this PR event:

The ‘Brussels EU’ is not a democratic body. Neither its president nor its executive body, the so-called ‘EU Commission’ can be elected – or unelected – by the people.

via The Nazi Roots of the ‘Brussels EU’ – Dr. Rath Health Foundation

Walter Hallstein – Wikipedia

Against the background of the Second World War, a conflict that had caused massive destruction and left the continent split in two by the Iron Curtain, there were calls for increased co-operation in Europe. The French foreign minister, Robert Schuman, put forward a plan, originating from Jean Monnet, for a European Coal and Steel Community that would unify control of German and French coal and steel production, and talks were started with this aim.[22] Germany had still not regained its sovereignty following defeat in World War II, and was represented internationally by the Allied High Commission.[23] There was no German foreign office and, for a time, foreign affairs were dealt with by the Chancellery.[24]

Konrad Adenauer, the German Chancellor, called Hallstein to Bonn, at the suggestion of Wilhelm Röpke,[25] and in June 1950 he appointed him to head the German delegation at the Schuman Plan negotiations in Paris,[10] which were to lead to the formation of the European Coal and Steel Community.[19] Jean Monnet, the leader of the French delegation, and Hallstein drew up the Schuman Plan, which was the basis for the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), established by the Treaty of Paris in 1951.[26] The ECSC was to develop into the European Economic Community, and later the European Union. In August 1950, to general surprise, Hallstein was made head of the Office of Foreign Affairs (Dienststelle für auswärtige Angelegenheiten) at the Federal Chancellery (Kanzleramt).[27] At this time, little was known about Hallstein, except that he had not been a member of the Nazi Party and that he was on good terms with US officials

via Walter Hallstein – Wikipedia

Αποκαλυπτικές εικόνες από το ντοκιμαντέρ «βόμβα» για τη Novartis

Όταν ξέσπασε η κρίση το 2010, διηγείται το ντοκιμαντέρ, η τρόικα απαγόρευσε την εισαγωγή νέων φαρμάκων στην ελληνική αγορά και η κυβέρνηση σταμάτησε να πληρώνει τα χρέη της προς τις φαρμακευτικές εταιρείες. Προς τη Novartis είχε χρέος 140 εκατομμύρια € ενώ 10 καινούργια φάρμακα περίμεναν έγκριση. Τότε η Novartis λάνσαρε το «Project Harvard». με αποτέλεσμα τα φάρμακα να εγκριθούν μέσα και σε λίγους μήνες ενώ πληρώθηκε και το χρέος προς την εταιρεία. «Ένα κομμάτι των χρημάτων της δωροδοκίας ερχόταν κατευθείαν από την Βασιλεία (την έδρα της εταιρείας στην Ελβετία)» λέει ένας μάρτυρας, αφήνοντας να εννοηθεί ότι το υπόλοιπο ποσό αντλήθηκε από άλλες παράνομες πρακτικές μέσα στην Ελλάδα.

via Αποκαλυπτικές εικόνες από το ντοκιμαντέρ «βόμβα» για τη Novartis

ISDS in numbers | Transnational Institute

By the end of August 2019, African States had been hit by a total of 106 known investment treaty arbitration claims. This represents 11% of all known investor-state disputes worldwide. Between 2013 and 2018, there has been an unprecedented boom of claims against African governments. During these last six years, they received more investor claims than the previous 20 years combined. This paper exposes how the international investment regime affects African countries

via ISDS in numbers | Transnational Institute

Η πορτογαλική οικονομία ξανά στις ράγες και ο κίνδυνος εκτροχιασμού | Euronews

Η χώρα αναπτύχθηκε κυρίως χάρη στις επενδύσεις της στον τουρσμό, τις εξαγωγές και το real estate. Η αποκορύφωση ηρθε το 2017. Τότε η Τράπεζα της Πορτογαλίας προέβλεψε ανάπτυξη πάνω από 3,5% όταν είχαμε ακόμα και ύφεση άνω του 4% πέντε χρόνια πριν. Η ανεργία έπεσε επίσης από το 16% το 2013 στο 7% πέρυσι. Μέσα σε σχεδόν μια δεκαετία, το 10% του ελλείμματος του προϋπολογισμού εξαλείφθηκε. Ο στόχος για το τρέχον έτος 2019 είναι 0,2% του ΑΕΠ. Όμως το δημόσιο χρέος παραμένει ένα από τα υψηλότερα της ΕΕ. Μόνο η Ελλάδα και η Ιταλία έχουν πιο υψηλά.

Η κατάσταση δείχνει υπό έλεγχο αλλά το ζωνάρι παραμένει σφιχτό, η φορολογία έχει φτάσει στο υψηλότερο επίπεδο διαχρονικά και οι δημόσιες επενδύσεις είναι περιορισμένες. Ο Τιάγκο Καϊάδο, δικηγόρος που ειδικεύεται στις φορολογικές υποθέσεις, υποστηρίζει: «Δεν υπάρχουν δημόσιες επενδύσεις, που συνήθως βοηθούν στο να τονωθεί η οικονομία, ούτε όμως υπάρχουν επενδύσεις σε άλλους τομείς. Εάν ο οικονομικός κύκλος αντιστραφεί, καθώς υπάρχει μια τεράστια δημόσια δαπάνη που έχει πλέον συγκεντρώσει ακόμα μεγαλύτερο βάρος, και αν υπάρξει ύφεση, και εφόσον δεν υπάρχει περιθώριο αυξήσεων στη φορολογία, τότε θα βρεθούμε σε μια εξαιρετικά εύθραυστη κατάσταση».

via Η πορτογαλική οικονομία ξανά στις ράγες και ο κίνδυνος εκτροχιασμού | Euronews

Οι διορισμένοι δισεκατομμυριούχοι της Ρωσίας

Όπως δήλωσε ο τραπεζίτης Petr Aven, «Για να γίνουμε εκατομμυριούχοι στη χώρα μας, δεν είναι καθόλου απαραίτητο να έχουμε εξειδικευμένες γνώσεις. Συχνά αρκεί να υπάρχει ενεργή υποστήριξη στην κυβέρνηση, στο κοινοβούλιο, στις τοπικές δομές εξουσίας και στις υπηρεσίες επιβολής του νόμου. Μια ωραία μέρα, η ασήμαντη εταιρεία σας είναι εξουσιοδοτημένη, για παράδειγμα, να κάνει επιχειρήσεις με κονδύλια του προϋπολογισμού. Με άλλα λόγια, διορίζεται κάποιος εκατομμυριούχος».

Σύμφωνα και με το άρθρο της Le Monde diplomatique, λίγο μετά την ανάληψη της εξουσίας ως πρόεδρος το 2000, ο Πούτιν προήδρευσε μιας άνευ προηγουμένου άνθησής τους, με τους δισεκατομμυριούχους να πολλαπλασιάζονται.

Αυτό που άλλαξε με τον Πούτιν σε σύγκριση με τον προκάτοχό του δεν ήταν η δυνατότητα προσωπικού πλουτισμού, αλλά τα πρόσωπα εκείνων που επωφελήθηκαν και η σχέση τους με το κράτος. Οι ολιγάρχες της εποχής του Γέλτσιν ήταν κυρίως εκτός του κρατικού μηχανισμού, οι οποίοι εκμεταλλεύονταν τα συμπτώματα της δυσλειτουργίας του, τα χρόνια του Πούτιν όμως ήταν «εσωτερικοί», άνθρωποι κοντά στο Κρεμλίνο, οι οποίοι εκμεταλλεύτηκαν κρατική εξουσία για να αποκτήσουν τον έλεγχο των περιουσιακών της στοιχείων.

via Οι διορισμένοι δισεκατομμυριούχοι της Ρωσίας

Brexit Disaster Capitalism: £8 Billion Bet on No Deal Crash-Out by Boris Johnson’s Leave Backers – Byline Times

From the financial data publicly available, Byline Times can reveal that currently £4,563,350,000 (£4.6 billion) of aggregate short positions on a ‘no deal’ Brexit have been taken out by hedge funds that directly or indirectly bankrolled Boris Johnson’s leadership campaign.

Most of these firms also donated to Vote Leave and took out short positions on the EU Referendum result. The ones which didn’t typically didn’t exist at that time but are invariably connected via directorships to companies that did.

Another £3,711,000,000 (£3.7 billion) of these short positions have been taken out by firms that donated to the Vote Leave campaign, but did not donate directly to the Johnson leadership campaign.

Currently, £8,274,350,000 (£8.3 billion) of aggregate short positions has been taken out by hedge funds connected to the Prime Minister and his Vote Leave campaign, run by his advisor Dominic Cummings, on a ‘no deal’ Brexit.

via Brexit Disaster Capitalism: £8 Billion Bet on No Deal Crash-Out by Boris Johnson’s Leave Backers – Byline Times

Deutsche Welle: Ο ανοιχτός δίαυλος ΣΥΡΙΖΑ – Βερολίνου από το 2012 – The Press Project – Ειδήσεις, Αναλύσεις, Ραδιόφωνο, Τηλεόραση

«Η καγκελάριος δεν μεταπείστηκε ούτε από το τελευταίο χαρτί του Αντώνη Σαμαρά: την κινδυνολογία ότι η άνοδος του αριστερού ΣΥΡΙΖΑ στην εξουσία θα οδηγούσε στην έξοδο της Ελλάδας από την Ευρωζώνη. Το φόβητρο της Αριστεράς δεν προκαλούσε σε κανέναν στο Βερολίνο ανατριχίλα – παρά τα δημόσια «Go Back Mrs. Merkel» του Αλέξη Τσίπρα. Η καγκελάριος ήταν πολύ καλύτερα ενημερωμένη για την κατάσταση των πραγμάτων στην Ελλάδα και τις προθέσεις του ΣΥΡΙΖΑ απ’ ότι πιθανώς να υπέθετε ο κ. Σαμαράς. Μετά τις εκλογές του 2012 το Βερολίνο διατηρούσε μέσω της γερμανικής πρεσβείας στην Αθήνα και του τότε πρέσβη Βόλφγκανγκ Ντόλντ ανοιχτό δίαυλο επικοινωνίας με το κόμμα της αξιωματικής αντιπολίτευσης. Αποτέλεσμα αυτών των σχέσεων ήταν η συνάντηση Τσίπρα-Σόιμπλε για τα οικονομικά τις Ελλάδας τον Ιανουάριο του 2013 στο Βερολίνο.»

Στη συνέχεια, η Deutsche Welle αναφέρεται σε μια ίσως «σημαντικότερη συνάντηση», στην οποία συμμετείχαν οι εκπρόσωποι μίας πλευράς του ΣΥΡΙΖΑ εκείνης της εποχής, οι Δραγασάκης, Σταθάκης, Χουλιαράκης:

«Λίγες εβδομάδες πριν από την επίσκεψη του κ. Σαμαρά τον Σεπτέμβριο του 2014 πραγματοποιείται στο Βερολίνο μια ίσως σημαντικότερη συνάντηση. Με πρωτοβουλία του τότε υφυπουργού Εργασίας και άλλοτε εκτελεστικού συμβούλου της ΕΚΤ Γιοργκ Άσμουσεν στελέχη των γερμανικών υπουργείων Οικονομικών και Οικονομίας συζητούσαν για ώρες στο υπουργείο Εργασίας (και όχι σε ρεστοράν όπως γράφτηκε) με τους Γιάννη Δραγασάκη, Γιώργο Σταθάκη αλλά και Γιώργο Χουλιαράκη. Οι γερμανοί τεχνοκράτες κυριολεκτικά «ανέκριναν» τους εκπροσώπους του ΣΥΡΙΖΑ για τις προθέσεις τους εφόσον αναλάβουν τη διακυβέρνηση της χώρας. Για μια ακόμη φορά το Βερολίνο διαπίστωνε ότι ο Σύριζα ούτε ανατρεπτική δύναμη συνιστούσε και ούτε στόχευε στην έξοδο της Ελλάδας από την Ευρωζώνη. Ως ένα σημείο μάλιστα η άνοδος του στην εξουσία θεωρούνταν ως ευκαιρία για την Ελλάδα, προκειμένου να αντιμετωπιστούν πελατειακό κράτος, διαφθορά, στασιμότητα στις μεταρρυθμίσεις.»

via Deutsche Welle: Ο ανοιχτός δίαυλος ΣΥΡΙΖΑ – Βερολίνου από το 2012 – The Press Project – Ειδήσεις, Αναλύσεις, Ραδιόφωνο, Τηλεόραση